The Metaphoricity of Spaces and Twentieth Century Modernist Writing in Calcutta: Jibanananda Das and Buddhadeva Bose

8th November 2021

Aisik Maiti, University of Calcutta

Twentieth century modernist writing in Calcutta was textured, layered and nuanced, reflecting the multifaceted dimensions of the modernist movement. Characterised by a stark departure from the rhetorical and ornate poetry which dominated the realm of nineteenth century letters, this body of work featured voices which remained submerged within the solitude of the city. Not only was the experimentation radical, but it also embodied a critique – sociological, discursive and cultural. Prominent writers and poets such as Jatindranath Sengupta, Mohitlal Majumdar, Amiya Chakrabarti, Samar Sen, Sudhindranath Datta, Premedra Mitra and Bishnu Dey were radically experimenting and transforming the discourse of writing. This  article will re-assess how the city and urban consciousness played a crucial role in the formation of the modernist ‘canon’ in Bengali literature, with reference to the works of Jibanananda Das and Buddhadeva Bose.

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